Alprazolam is a major representative of a large group of benzodiazepines, which include bromazepam, clonazepam, diazepam, estazolam, xanax, lorazepam and many others.
Drugs of this group show their effects and activity, affecting the neurotransmitters in the central nervous system. Linking to the so-called benzodiazepine receptors, widespread in the central nervous system, the brain, the limbic system, etc. Alprazolam affects gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), potentiating its effects. This neurotransmitter is the main mediator of the blockade in the central nervous system using benzodiazepines, potentiating its effects and reducing the transfer between neurons.
Dosage and administration
The drug is available on prescription in different doses for the purpose of successful control in individual patients according to their individual needs.
It is most often sold in the form of single-dose tablets (the dose contained in one tablet) in the range of 0.25 mg to 2 mg (0.25 mg, 0.5 mg, 1 mg, 2 mg). There are also sustained release tablets with a dose of 0.5 to 3 milligrams. The preparation can also be found in the form of a solution containing milligrams per milliliter.
The dosage regimen for individual patients differs (depending on the severity of the events, the type of disease, individual characteristics, age), and the overall is a gradual increase in the dose until the optimal daily and gradual decrease after discontinuation of therapy.
The course of treatment is usually relatively short, because of the risk of serious relapse, it is not recommended to take alprazolam for more than three months.
In the elderly, the recommended daily dose is lower because of the higher risk of toxic effects and addiction.
Some patients may experience severe allergic reactions due to hypersensitivity to the drug or a pronounced individual sensitivity. If you notice a rash, shortness of breath and shortness of breath, swelling of the lips, tongue, face, hallucinations, seizures, sudden changes in behavior, heart palpitations and heart damage, urinary retention (inability to urinate), jaundice (yellowing of the skin, sclera, mucous membranes, changes in color of urine and stools), seek medical help immediately. If you have a proven allergy to one of the representatives of benzodiazepine, do not take Xanax.